We all know someone who has been affected by cancer – a family member, friend, coworker – or perhaps you have been directly affected. As the second leading cause of death in Indiana, cancer touches us all. Each year, cancer claims about 12,960 Hoosier lives. Although heart disease continues to be the leading cause of death for the total population, cancer is very visible and prominent. Approximately two in five Hoosiers now living will eventually have cancer.
Nearly 30 percent of new cancer cases are caused by tobacco use and another 43 percent exist because of lifestyle factors such as poor dietary habits, lack of exercise, not maintaining a healthy weight, occupational factors, and excessive alcohol intake. Nearly 65 percent of new cancer cases and 33 percent of cancer deaths could be prevented through lifestyle changes such as eliminating tobacco use, improving dietary habits, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, obtaining early detection cancer screening tests, and obtaining timely and appropriate treatment.
Comprehensive cancer control, as defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is “a collaborative process through which a community pools resources to reduce the burden of cancer that results in risk reduction, early detection, better treatment, and enhanced survivorship.” By working together to encourage healthy lifestyle choices, promote early detection screenings, and educating communities and community members about cancer risks and prevention, each individual, business, and organization can help reduce the cancer burden and create a healthier Indiana.
Below, you will find toolkits for the cancer burden in Indiana and specifically for Lung, Breast, Colorectal and Prostate cancers – these are currently the four highest burden cancers in the state. Each toolkit includes information and statistics on cancer in Indiana including who is at greatest risk, common signs and symptoms, early detection, prevention, and resources. Please use these to educate your communities about cancer risks, prevention and early detection.